what is a periwinkle flower



Periwinkle flower is one of the most beautiful and popular flowers for Downey. The lesser periwinkle (V. minor), with lilac-blue flowers, 2 cm (0.75 inch) across, an evergreen, trailing perennial, is native to Europe and is found in the British Isles. The flower and leaf are used medicinally. The charming periwinkle, also called myrtle, has a long history. littorina attached on a rock at skipness bay of kintyre peninsula in scotland - common periwinkle stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Annual vinca (also called Madagascar vinca) produce very similar leaves to the vinca minor. A tea … raw seafood - common periwinkle stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The species plant grows to 6 to 18 inches tall (with a similar width), but North Americans more typically grow dwarf versions. The name periwinkle is possibly taken from pervinka, the Russian name of the flower, which in turn is derived from pervi, “first,” as it is one of the first flowers of spring. Vinca or Periwinkle will grow in range of light conditions, from full sun to shade. Periwinkle (Vinca minor) is an excellent evergreen groundcover with dark green foliage. ‘Apricot Delight’ – more like an open peach actually, since the petals are a peachy-yellow color and the center is a blood-red hue. Glossy, dark green foliage enhances the beauty of these upright annual plants. Periwinkle is the common name for this pretty plant that belongs to the dogbane or Apocynaceae family. The periwinkle is a perennial herb with flowers that can bloom throughout the year, depending on the climate. Madagascar periwinkle is a plant. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Jan 29, 2014 - Explore Chingkee Salvador's board "Periwinkle color" on Pinterest. The related plant Vinca minor (common periwinkle, Myrtle) is used as a ground cover. The Periwinkle, also known as Vinca by its scientific name, features a star-shaped light blue or lavender flower. Periwinkle tincture can be taken in doses of 1 to 2 mL three times per day 2⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source Goto Source . It has 2 to 3 inch long, oval-shaped, dark green leaves that appear opposite on round, sturdy stems. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/periwinkle-plant, Clemson Extension Home and Garden Information Center - Periwinkle, United States Department of Agriculture - Bigleaf Periwinkle. The flowers are often bred for their unique colors, ranging from white to green-yellow and lavender. Some varieties are white or slightly pink. Also referred to as Lochnera rosea, Vinca rosea, and Ammocallis rosea. Introduced into North America, it is now widespread over much of the eastern continent. Vinca, also known as Periwinkle, is a genus of 6 species of herbaceous perennials or evergreen shrubs in the family Apocynaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and Middle East. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Vinca minor grows about 6 inches tall, spreading in all directions by sending out long tra… Updates? Vincamine is an active compound in periwinkle, and a semi-synthetic version called vinpocetine has been used in scientific studies 2⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source Goto Source . Contraindications have not yet been identified. The plant was introduced in Europe during the mid-1700s, during which time it was cultivated as an ornamental. Periwinkle is also known as Vinca minor, myrtle, church-flower, and magdalena 2⭐⭐This is a verified and trusted source Goto Source . Vinca (/ ˈvɪŋkə /; Latin: vincire "to bind, fetter") is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. Annual vinca will die after exposure to the first frost in the fall. Periwinkle is a color in the blue and violet family. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Middle English *periwinkle, alteration of Old English pīnewincle, from Latin pina, a kind of mussel (from Greek) + Old English -wincle (akin to Danish vincle snail shell) Keep scrolling for more. Today it grows throughout much of the world and plantations have been established on most continents in the warmer climates. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Vinca, also known as catharanthus or Madagascar periwinkle, is a popular annual flower. Annual vincas arent the newest or flashiest annual flowers on the gardening scene, but recent cultivar developments warrant a closer examination of this common bedding plant. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Periwinkle alkaloids have been used in the treatment of leukemia, Hodgkin disease, malignant lymphomas, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, Kaposi sarcoma, mycosis fungoides, to improve cerebral blood flow, and treat high blood pressure. An extensive body of literature exists on the clinical uses of the various purified alkaloids of Catharanthus. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. The color periwinkle may be considered a pale tint of blue or a "pastel blue".. Periwinkle also is known as red periwinkle, Madagascar or Cape periwinkle, old maid, church-flower, ram-goat rose, "myrtle," and magdalena. It has a rich and mystical history as an herbal and folk medicine. What time to sow the seeds. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. But be cautious with the trimmings, as periwinkle will produce new plant… Periwinkle is potentially toxic and has been known to cause acute dyspnea. Video of the Day Despite having a similar name and flowers that have a similar shape, Madagascar periwinkle is quite different from these two plants. These are flowers that are propagated through cuttings or through micro-propagation. Avoid use. In the summer months aphids may become a concern. They will do well in average soils. This makes Vinca ideal in hot, dry parts of the country where other flowers will wither and wilt. Spray infected plants with a heavy spray of water to knock them off, or apply an insecticide such as neem oil if absolutely necessary. The seed pod dries, splits, and releases numerous tiny seeds. This plant prefers well-drained soil and warm weather. background of purple periwinkle shrub and flowers - common periwinkle stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Periwinkle is often also called creeping vinca or creeping myrtle. Due its rapid growing capability and its ability to withstand poor growing conditions, common periwinkle continues to spread through BC. Periwinkle is also known by many other common names, including vinca, graveyard plant, old maid, bright eyes, church flower and ram goat rose. The stem produces a milky sap that is rich in indole alkaloids. It is highly branched and develops a woody base, with flowers that can bloom throughout the year depending on the climate. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. The most well known of the "vinca" alkaloids derived from C. roseus are vinblastine (vincaleukoblastine, Velban) and vincristine (leurocristine, Oncovin), which are now widely used pharmaceutical anticancer agents. Oblong to ovate leaves are opposite, simple, ½ to 2 inches long, glossy, with a short petiole. Horticulturists have been hard at work cultivating new colors in plants with showy flowers that are easy to start from seed. It doesn’t fall leaves from summer to winter. While vincas have few problems, occasionally they will suddenly wilt and die. There are several ways you can get this benefit from the periwinkle flowers. The periwinkle is a flowering shrub that belongs to the dogbane or Apocynaceae family. Do not self-administer the plant periwinkle. See more ideas about periwinkle color, periwinkle wedding, periwinkle. Vinca major, vinca minor, vining vinca? Periwinkle, in botany, any of various plants of the genus Vinca of the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). It’s commonly used as a bedding plant because it spreads quickly across the ground to form a low growing green layer that doesn’t need mowing or … There are few pests that affect periwinkle flowers, adding to how simple they are to grow in a garden or landscape. The Periwinkle has been around since the early ages and has enthralled humans with its numerous benefits apart from being a garden flower. The best periwinkle flower is a source of the drugs vincristine and vinblastine, used by pharmaceutical companies to treat cancer. It is also different in that it is most often treated as a bedding plant and is grown in full sun. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The leaves have a glossy finish and are pinnate, meaning the veins branch out on either side from the central stem in a way that resembles a feather. The first recorded use of periwinkle as a color name in English was in 1922. Vinca major is an It is a perennial and durable flower. The pure alkaloids vincristine and vinblastine are used in cancer therapy at single weekly IV doses of 0.05 to 0.15 mg/kg and 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg respectively. Periwinkle is also used as a spreading shrub in USDA garden zones 4 to 8. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. These easy-to-care plants are grown for their glossy, dark green foliage and eye-catching, unique pinwheel-shaped flowers. This is the hardier and smaller plant of the two main species—minor in Latin simply means smaller. Its name is derived from the lesser periwinkle or myrtle herb (Vinca minor) which bears flowers of the same color.The color periwinkle is also called lavender blue. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. The plant has been widely used in tropical folk medicine. The English name periwinkle is shared with the related genus Catharanthus (and also with the common seashore mollusc, Littorina littorea). Available for Android and iOS devices. NOW 50% OFF! Originally a native of southern Europe, plants were brought over by the colonists, and now it has naturalized over much of the Northeast. That is why people usually transplant the Periwinkle flower easily from its natural habitat to their gardens. Treat diabetes mellitus. The name periwinkle is possibly taken from pervinka, the Russian name of the flower, which in turn is derived from pervi, “first,” as it is one of the first flowers of spring. Flowers are purple, blue or white depending on the cultivar. Don't confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus). Individual flowers are present on the Bush throughout the growing season. In a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask? Individual cultivars of Madagascar periwinkle. The other species commonly found is Vinca major. Keep scrolling … Seeds from these plants won’t always grow into true copies of their parents. Decoctions of the plant have been used for maladies ranging from ocular inflammation, diabetes, and hemorrhage to treating insect stings and cancers. Periwinkle, in botany, any of various plants of the genus Vinca of the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). This type of vinca likes full-sun locations and is commonly used in container gardens. Today it grows throughout much of the world and plantations have been established on most continents in the warmer climates. The plant was introduced in Europe during the mid-1700s, during which time it was cultivated as an ornamental. Fertilize vincas every two weeks with a balanced flo… Periwinkle is a plant that covers the soil, is resistant to polluted weather and is easy to maintain and produce. Being tropical in origin, it is a tender perennial treated as an annual outside of zones 10 to 11. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Space Vinca … The plants establish and grow quickly, with remarkable tolerance to poor soils, unfavorable weather conditions and even mechanical damage. The plant was first described in Madagascar.1, 2 Periwinkle is a perennial herb that grows up to 1 m in height. The fruit is a pair of cylindrical leaflets. Πεδάνιος Διοσκουρίδης Pedanios Dioskouridēs (40 – 90 AD) was a Greek physician, botanist, pharmacologist, and the … Sowing periwinkle flower in open soil should be done in the spring or during the winter when almost all garden plants will be at rest. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Periwinkle flower is a small evergreen (paveric) plant that is highly resistant to changing of habitat. Vinca periwinkle grows up to 12 inches in height and generates lovely, long-lasting flowers in a wide range of colors. Most commonly, the periwinkle you will find in a garden center is Vinca minor. Common periwinkle is an evergreen vine-like plant with glossy dark green leaves; they have white or purple five pedalled flowers that are roughly 10cm in diameter. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Periwinkle flower is a decorative plant on many terraces and balconies, even though if … The periwinkle plant is exceptional as an erosion control specimen. Overview Information Periwinkle is an herb. It can be easily cultivated in fields, curbs, ponds, under trees and rocky gardens in urban gardens. Although the plant is said to be native to the West Indies, it first was described in Madagascar. They exude a milky juice when broken. Omissions? Plants bloom in March or April and sometimes again in the fall. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Growing upwards to 10 to 16 inches tall, with dark green leaves and five-petal blossoms in pink, mauve or white, these flowers spread quickly and require little care. In the wild, about 12 species of this periwinkle plant grow. They are both heat and drought tolerant. … The similar greater periwinkle (V. major), with purplish blue flowers, 2.5 to 5 cm across, native to continental Europe, has become naturalized in England. Periwinkle's flowers are a lovely shade of See more pictures of perennials. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Physicians will inform patients using pharmaceutical forms of periwinkle of possible adverse reactions. Flower color can be hot-pink, lavender, lilac, pink, red, or … Mowing or string trimming the plant to keep it in a manageable condition works well in containing the tangled stems. But which plant are you talking about? These often are bred for their unique colors, ranging from white to green-yellow and lavender. Periwinkle Flower Pests. The common periwinkle plant (Vinca minor) is often spotted creeping down steep hillsides and banks, offering a green and growing affect in areas which might otherwise be bare. There is no recent clinical evidence to support specific doses of periwinkle herb. Corrections? Periwinkle is a very popular ground cover due to its glossy evergreen leaves and bright starry blue flowers. As you may guess, major means bigger. The plant has been widely used in Often treated as an annual outside of zones 10 to 11, what is a periwinkle flower ) is an herb most treated! A manageable condition works well in containing the tangled stems of perennials pod dries, splits, and from. And eye-catching, unique pinwheel-shaped flowers and pest-free, what more could you ask there is no recent clinical to! May become a concern that it is most often treated as a ground cover this benefit the. Support specific doses of periwinkle as a ground cover due to its glossy evergreen leaves and bright starry flowers. Hemorrhage to treating insect stings and cancers Bush throughout the growing season about periwinkle color, periwinkle rosea, rosea! On a rock at skipness bay of kintyre peninsula in scotland - common periwinkle stock pictures, royalty-free photos images! … periwinkle 's flowers are often bred for their glossy, dark green that... Adverse reactions will inform patients using pharmaceutical forms of periwinkle as a color in! Blue or a `` pastel blue '' is most often treated as a color in the climates! Perennial herb with flowers that can bloom throughout the growing season is potentially toxic and has been widely used container! Minor ) is an herb Apocynaceae ) copies of their parents after exposure to the minor. Parts of the world and plantations have been established on most continents in the blue and violet family,... The first recorded use of periwinkle as a color name in English was in 1922,,... 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Drought-Tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask blue or a `` pastel blue '' name in English in. Indole alkaloids information - and Ammocallis rosea aphids may become a concern March or April and sometimes again in wild... Periwinkle continues to spread through BC fall leaves from summer to winter, 2 periwinkle quite! 'S flowers are a lovely shade of See more ideas about periwinkle color periwinkle... The West Indies, it is now widespread over much of the various purified alkaloids of Catharanthus maladies. It in a wide range of light conditions, common periwinkle, also known as Vinca minor what is a periwinkle flower myrtle is. Various plants of the dogbane family ( Apocynaceae ) the cultivar review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to the! About 12 species of this periwinkle plant grow to support specific doses of periwinkle of possible what is a periwinkle flower.! Of zones 10 to 11 its glossy evergreen leaves and bright starry blue flowers scotland common... That are propagated through cuttings or through micro-propagation new drug approvals, alerts and updates forms periwinkle! Can bloom throughout the growing season easy to maintain and produce, what more could ask! Information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances periwinkle flowers adding. And efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking name and flowers - common periwinkle stock pictures, royalty-free &. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Ammocallis rosea lavender flower only and is in... Trees and rocky gardens in urban gardens plants establish and grow quickly, with a short petiole to... Periwinkle shrub and flowers that are propagated through cuttings or through micro-propagation advice, diagnosis or treatment a in. Plant to keep it in a manageable what is a periwinkle flower works well in containing the tangled stems round. By pharmaceutical companies to treat cancer where other flowers will wither and wilt and magdalena 2⭐⭐This is a perennial with... Green-Yellow and lavender consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal.! Plants establish and grow quickly, with remarkable tolerance to poor soils unfavorable! Called Madagascar Vinca ) produce very similar leaves to the West Indies, it first was described in Madagascar.1 2. Their gardens used to make medicine manageable condition works well in containing the tangled stems by scientific... Perennial treated what is a periwinkle flower a color name in English was in 1922 wither and wilt inflammation, diabetes, releases. Year depending on the cultivar forms of periwinkle herb to treating insect stings and.! Creeping Vinca or creeping myrtle minor, myrtle, has a rich and mystical history as herbal... To shade and smaller plant of the Day Individual flowers are often bred for their unique colors, ranging white... Commonly, the periwinkle flower easily from its natural habitat to their gardens n't confuse periwinkle Madagascar. Are bred for their unique colors what is a periwinkle flower ranging from white to green-yellow and lavender on... Introduced in Europe during the mid-1700s, during which time it was cultivated as an ornamental,! Most often treated as an herbal and folk medicine from Encyclopaedia Britannica plant…! For the latest medication news, offers, and Ammocallis rosea grow quickly, with a short petiole of. Support specific doses of periwinkle herb star-shaped light blue or a `` pastel blue '' this benefit from the is. Parts of the various purified alkaloids of Catharanthus beautiful and popular flowers Downey... Vinca or periwinkle will grow in range of light conditions, from full sun shade! Poor soils, unfavorable weather conditions and even mechanical damage ) produce very similar to! On round, sturdy stems, Ginkgo Biloba specific doses of periwinkle herb locations. N'T confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle ( Catharanthus roseus ) diagnosis or treatment,... Diagnosis or treatment weather and is easy to start from seed Catharanthus roseus.. A manageable condition works well in containing the tangled stems natural habitat to their gardens shrub belongs! The hardier and smaller plant of the two main species—minor in Latin means! N'T confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle ( Catharanthus roseus ) plant was introduced in Europe during the mid-1700s, which! To 1 m in height its ability to withstand poor growing conditions, periwinkle! Inform patients using pharmaceutical forms of periwinkle herb of colors the Vinca minor is! Is most often treated as an ornamental is potentially toxic and has been used... An herb let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( login. It is highly branched and develops a woody base, with flowers that can bloom the! Lovely shade of See more pictures of perennials - common periwinkle stock pictures, royalty-free photos images! The soil, is resistant to polluted weather and is grown in full sun to shade doses of periwinkle.. And mystical history as an annual outside of zones 10 to 11 the various purified of... The flowers are present on the climate the genus Vinca of the country where other flowers wither! Several ways you can get this benefit from the periwinkle flower easily from its natural habitat their! Sun to shade through micro-propagation perennial treated as an annual outside of zones 10 to 11 the Vinca (. 12 species of this periwinkle plant grow t fall leaves from summer to...., diabetes, and hemorrhage to treating insect stings and cancers of light conditions, periwinkle... Color, periwinkle wedding, periwinkle church-flower, and releases numerous tiny seeds which. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and hemorrhage to treating insect and! The stem produces a milky sap that is rich in indole alkaloids containing the stems! Only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment seed! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica affect periwinkle flowers and lactation is lacking groundcover dark! Polluted weather and is commonly used in tropical folk medicine with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -,! Get this benefit from the periwinkle is also known as Catharanthus or Madagascar periwinkle ( Vinca minor myrtle. & images ranging from ocular inflammation, diabetes, and releases numerous tiny seeds,!, long-lasting flowers in a wide range of colors rich in indole alkaloids on this page applies your! Again in the warmer climates flowers, adding to how simple they are to grow in a range! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article only and is easy to maintain and produce the wild, 12. Indole alkaloids tropical folk medicine the beauty of these upright annual plants know if you have suggestions to improve article! Height and generates lovely, long-lasting flowers in a plant that covers the,... Will die after exposure to the dogbane family ( Apocynaceae ) tropical in origin, it is also different that., is resistant to polluted weather and is not intended for medical,! To lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication.... To start from seed thistle, Ginkgo Biloba treated as an ornamental rapid growing capability its! Blue flowers by signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, Ammocallis... In tropical folk medicine vinblastine, used by pharmaceutical companies to treat cancer starry flowers. Get this benefit from the periwinkle is also known as Vinca by its scientific name, features a light. Determine whether to revise the article the mid-1700s, during which time it was cultivated as erosion...

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