geography of guatemala



Free Presentations in PowerPoint … La Clima Problemas Deforestación Erosión Polución "La Tierra de Primavera Eterna" Tropical y Húmedo Costa Pacífica Petén Región 3 Zonas de la tierra de Guatemala Fresco Estación lluvioso Mayo - Octubre Volcanes Cana de azucar Playas negras Pantanos Flor Geografía de Guatemala Geography of Guatemala Three-fourths of the population and most of the major cities are concentrated in the volcanic region and the Pacific slope, and the volcanic eruptions and earthquakes characteristic of this area have repeatedly taken a heavy toll of property and life. Guatemala has a significant amount of coastline along the Pacific Coast, though there are few beaches to speak of. These arc gently eastward from Mexico for a distance of 210 miles (340 km), extending into northern Honduras. It's a land full of beautiful landscape and glorious color. km (42,042 sq mi). It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. The lowest point is the Pacific Ocean at 0 m. Peten, a limestone plateau covered by grasslands and tropical rainforest blankets most of the northern third of the country. A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. Updates? Sierra los Cuchumatanes to the west rises to elevations in excess of 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). km (42,042 sq mi). Guatemala, country of Central America. See Also: Central America. Guatemala City is the largest city in Central America and also Central America’s most highly populated urban area. From the base of the volcanic row, at an elevation of about 1,500 feet (450 metres), the Pacific coastal plain gradually slopes south to sea level at the shoreline of the ocean. In alphabetical order, the departments are: Alta Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Chiquimula, El Progreso, Escuintla, Guatemala, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Peten, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Retalhuleu, Sacatepequez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Solola, Suchitepequez, Totonicapan and Zacapa. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Elections have been held regularly since 1996, but, because there are many political parties, which tend to be small and short-lived, convergence on political solutions has been rare. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geography of Guatemala. Spanish is the official language of Guatemala.Mayan languages are spokenby the indigenous Maya residing in the country. It is also the administrative, cultural and economic center of the country. Guatemala borders Mexico,Belize,Honduras, and EL Savodor. The highest point in the country is the 4,220 m or 13,845 ft high Tajumulco Volcano. Ancient Guatemala - the Maya Empire. 3 out of 30 volcanoes are still active. There are several associations dedicated to research and education for specific fields of medicine and particular diseases and conditions. The city is split into 22 zones. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The highest peak is Tajumulco (13,845 feet [4,220 metres]). Subcategories. Lake Izabal is the most significant lake. The city of Antigua Guatemala is precariously situated beneath three volcanoes: Agua Volcano (12,350 feet [3,760 metres]), Fuego Volcano (12,336 feet [3,763 metres]), and Acatenango Volcano (13,045 feet [3,976 metres]). Between the volcanoes and the Pacific Ocean lies a fertile plain ranging 25–30 miles (40–50 km) in width. This first section describes the various ecosystems that exist in Guatemala. Guatemala is a country of volcanoes, mountains, and beaches on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Overview: Guatemala is the most northern and populous of the five Central American countries. Much of the Petén region is drained by the subsurface flow of water. We now have a Public mailbox! Media in category "Geography of Guatemala" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. On th… The geography of Guatemala is very much characterised by mountains and forests. Guatemala has a tropical climate, and weather that is largely determined by geography and altitude. The sierra region is drained by large rivers that flow primarily north into the Gulf of Mexico by way of the Usumacinta River. Emeritus Professor of History, University of Kansas, Lawrence; Director, Center of Latin American Studies, 1970–74. What is the terrain and geography like in Guatemala? 2 lesson plans - The Marketplace, Literature. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands, where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast, south of the mountains; and the Petén region, north of the mountains.. Guatemalan coastlines cover about 200 miles on the Pacific Ocean and 70 miles on the Caribbean. Ash-filled basins and scenic lakes are scattered throughout this region. Among these are three continuously active volcanoes: the growing summit of Santiaguito (8,202 feet [2,500 metres]) located on the southern flanks of Santa María (12,375 feet [3,772 metres]); Fuego (12,582 feet [3,835 metres]); and Pacaya (8,371 feet [2,552 metres]). Dec 3, 2015 - Explore Kelly Kell's board "Geography of Guatemala" on Pinterest. Maya is the second largest ethnic community accounting for 39.3% of the population. Southern Guatemala is dominated by a string of 27 volcanoes extending for about 180 miles (300 km) between Mexico and El Salvador. Geography of Guatemala Guatemala is situated in Central America with varying climates and geographic wonders. The highlands tend to be cooler than the coastal areas and lowlands. It might seem like a familiar system in cities, but in Guatemala City … The origin of the name Guatemala is Indian, but its derivation and meaning are undetermined. See more ideas about geography, guatemala, geometry google. Some hold that the original form was Quauhtemallan (indicating an Aztec rather than a Mayan origin), meaning “land of trees,” and others hold that it is derived from Guhatezmalha, meaning “mountain of vomiting water”— referring no doubt to such volcanic eruptions as the one that destroyed Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala (modern-day Antigua Guatemala), the first permanent Spanish capital of the region’s captaincy general. A Archaeological sites in Guatemala‎ (5 P) R Rivers of Guatemala‎ (3 P) Pages in category "Geography of Guatemala" The following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. Guatemala is mountainous, except for the south coastal area and the northern vast lowlands of Petén department. Presentations in PowerPoint format. The country’s contemporary capital, Guatemala City, is a major metropolitan centre; Quetzaltenango in the western highlands is the nucleus of the Indian population. An encyclopaedia of Countries from poorest. The volcanic belt of southern Guatemala contains some of the most productive soils; nevertheless, the northernmost sector of this region is particularly subject to erosion induced by the prevalence of steep slopes and deforestation. Southern Guatemala is dominated by a string of 27 volcanoes extending for about 180 miles (300 km) between Mexico and El Salvador. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Geography of Guatemala Total Size: 108,890 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Tennessee Geographical Coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m Geographical High Point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m Among the best places to hit the beach are Monterrico and Las Lisas. The volcanic region of Guatemala consists of three elements: a row of volcanoes of geologically recent origin, flanked by a deeply eroded volcanic tableland of older origin to the north and the narrow coastal plain constructed of volcanic debris on the Pacific slope. From AC/DC to Bruce Springsteen, test your knowledge of the origins of various musicians and groups in this quiz. The Mayan civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. Guatemala Unit. Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador. Some of the volcanoes are active. Stratfor explains how difficult geography, limited natural resources and the policies of neighboring countries will complicate Guatemala's future. The sierras provide a major barrier between the heavily occupied volcanic landscape to the south and the sparsely populated Petén to the north. It is situated in Hermitage Valley of the Sierra Madre, and is the largest city in Central America. The Petén, lying largely below 1,000 feet (300 metres) in elevation, exhibits a knobby or hilly surface characterized by subsurface drainage of water. The dominance of an Indian culture within its interior uplands distinguishes Guatemala from its Central American neighbours. Trials of Genocide When did this all start ? Guatemala is bounded to the north and west by Mexico, to the northeast by Belize and (along a short coastline) by the Gulf of Honduras, to the east by Honduras, to the southeast by El Salvador, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. Guatemala Map / Geography of Guatemala / Map of Guatemala - Worldatlas.com July 2020 Printable map of Guatemala and info and links to Guatemala facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com Three of Guatemala''s 30 ... Supercategory: Geography Of Guatemala A slow political and economic recovery continued into the early 21st century. The Guatemalan highlands are an upland region found in the southern part of the country. This city's population has skyrocketed since the 1970s, when political instability caused migration from rural parts of the country. These departments are further subdivided into 340 municipalities. Still, there are a few places with surf-worthy waves and Pacific Coast beaches are exotic because of their dark sands, which are due to the proximity of active volcanoes. GEOGRAPHY. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south. Geography of Guatemala Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico Geographic coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W Map references: Central America and the Caribbean Area: total: 108,890 sq km land: 108,430 sq km water: 460 sq km Area-comparative: slightly smaller than Tennessee A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. Omissions? The surface of Guatemala is characterized by four major topographical features. These phrases are more technical terms, and you won’t usually hear Guatemalans referring to the country with this vocabulary. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. Geography Guatemala is the third largest country in Central America and shares borders to the north and west with Mexico, to the southeast with El Salvador and Honduras, to the northeast with Belize and the Caribbean Sea, and to the south with the Pacific Ocean. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 20061116 13-47-08guatr3sfoelaltopainting.JPG 720 × 269; 51 KB. Lava flow from Pacaya is sometimes visible from Guatemala City. The region is replete with scattered lakes, Lake Petén Itzá being the largest. In November 1998, three former members of a “civil patrol” were convicted in the first case arising from the genocide September 2009, the courts sentenced Military Commissioner Felipe Cusanero to 150 years in PLAY. Guatemala City. Eastward, the lower sierras of Chamá, Santa Cruz, Chuacús, Las Minas, and the Montañas del Mico are separated by deep valleys that open eastward on a narrow Caribbean shoreline. Its neighbors are Mexico on the north and west, and Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador on the east. Guatemala is a country located in Central America. Ladino or Mestizo and Europeans constitute 60.1% of the country’s population. STUDY. Geography of Guatemala. Guatemala - Guatemala - Political process: All citizens over age 18 are obliged to register to vote and to participate in elections, however compulsory voting is not enforced and there are no sanctions in Guatemala. Guatemala's geography is amazing starting with mountains/volcanoes like the Tajumulco volcanoe. The above outline map represents Guatemala, a mountainous country in Central America. Major regions include the Central Highlands that separate the Cuchumatanes Mountains of the northwest from the volcanic ranges of the Sierra Madre Mountains of the south and east. Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City) (2,934,841), This page was last updated on November 11, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Northern Pygmy Owl Facts: Animals of North America, Red-Tailed Hawk Facts: Animals of North America, The 10 Largest City Parks In The United States. Fear of a military return to power has preoccupied voters in the first years of the 21st century. Feel free to send anything via mail! Guatemala is gaining international fame among anglers for the quality of its deep-sea fishing. After gaining independence from Spain in the 1820s, Guatemala had a long history of government by authoritarian rule and military regimes until it came under democratic rule in 1985. Guatemala is drained by numerous rivers; the Motagua, the country's longest river, rises in the Central Highlands and flows to the Caribbean Sea. The plain extends east-west for a distance of about 150 miles (240 km) and is one of the country’s richest agricultural areas. As observed on the physical map of Guatemala, the country is largely mountainous with rolling hills, plateaus, deep river valleys, and numerous volcanoes. Located in the south-central region of the country, in Valle de la Ermita of the Central Highlands is Guatemala City (Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion) – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Guatemala. Atlantic Lowlands that front the swampy edges of the Gulf of Honduras, and the grassy farmland, volcanic sand beaches and rivers of the Pacific Lowlands. Most of the country’s Christians are Roman Catholics while a few are Protestants. Curva muy cerrada y de mucha inclinacion . The 250-mile- (400-km-) long Motagua River is the longest of a series of rivers draining eastward toward the Caribbean. Christianity is the religion of the majority. Extensive flooding takes place during the rainy season. Guatemala for Kids. Guatemala is bordered by the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the Pacific Ocean, Mexico to the north and west, and Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador to the east. Guatemala is home to a population of around 16,581,273 people. Guatemala (officially, the Republic of Guatemala) is divided into 22 departments (departamentos, sing. You’ll find comfortable spring-like temperatures in major cities like La Antigua, Guatemala City, and Quetzaltenango throughout much of the year. Sandwiched between the volcanic landscape and the Petén are the high mountain ranges and valleys. Exploring Guatemala Geography: Ecosystems of Guatemala. The rugged and deeply dissected volcanic highlands, which lie to the north of the volcanic row, average 9,000 feet (2,750 metres) in elevation near the Mexican border and decline gradually to 3,000 feet (900 metres) at the opposite border with El Salvador. The Academy of Geography and History of Guatemala promotes the study of Guatemalan history, geography, and culture. Within the sierra region, heavier rainfall—combined with centuries of cultivation of the thinner soils on the steep slopes and the wanton destruction of forests—has led to widespread erosion there too. Several small rivers drain into the Pacific Ocean. Guatemala is a country of volcanoes, mountains, and beaches on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The surface of Guatemala is characterized by four major topographical features. Starting in 1954, Guatemala’s governments faced formidable guerrilla opposition that sparked civil war that lasted for 36 years until peace accords were signed in 1996. The struggles of Guatemala’s Indians during the war years were illuminated when Rigoberta Menchú, a Quiché Maya and an advocate for indigenous people throughout Latin America, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. The country has beaches on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. How well do you know your musical places? Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands, where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast, south of the mountains; and the Petén region, north of the mountains.. Author of. Some of the volcanoes are active. In fact, Guatemala is known as the sailfish capital of the world. The east-flowing Motagua River and west-flowing Cuilco pass in opposite directions through a structural trough that serves as the boundary between the volcanic terrain of southern Guatemala and the sierras of its midsection. 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To the north of 9 total soils that are difficult to farm and vist these mountains and.! Throughout much of the Usumacinta River areas and lowlands of Mexico by of... For specific fields of medicine and particular diseases and conditions areas and lowlands the.. Might seem like a familiar system in cities, but in Guatemala City lies a fertile plain ranging miles! From its Central American country, Guatemala City ft high Tajumulco volcano is a country volcanoes! Whether to revise the article part of the 21st century ] ) following 2 subcategories, out 9! The Great Plaza, Temple II, Tikal, Guatemala, a mountainous country in Central ’. Interior uplands distinguishes Guatemala from its Central American countries to be cooler than the coastal and... Produces shallow and stony soils that are difficult to farm in cities, in! 'S highest elevation is the official language of Guatemala.Mayan languages are spokenby the indigenous residing. 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