exotic pet statistics



This information may not change your graphs and other information but we would like to get the real information correct. What's more concerning, PETA's list had another 11 year old victim, in a similar scenario, with a date that was one day away, only the child was attacked by a leopard. The nature of the facility—pet owner, zoological facility, or accredited by respected entities—plays little part in securing the safety of the people who work with the animals and the general public. They have the same needs as in the wild, which must be met in captivity by law under the Animal Welfare Act. April 6, 2006, Duxbury (15 Mi. Given the inherent danger of big cats (NOT small to medium-sized cats and cheetahs), this is surprising. Inside Edition filmed an employee of G.W. Also, smaller reports on animal attacks are more readily accessible when they are domestic. Big cat attacks are mostly preventable, human error and direct contact playing the biggest part in injurious attacks. ), List and description of all fatal attacks, and commentary. I was very, very lenient with adding incidences to the list. Renee was survived by her husband, Aaron Chapman, a former worker at the facility and their 5-month-old daughter, Noa Elise. Further research seemed to confirm that the serval and leopard incident were the same. Mean and Median of Fatalities per year: 1. How many fatalities were caused by "pet" big cats? What we should do: Appropriately-designed regulations can make rare big cat attack incidences even rarer. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Many of these facilities were justifiably closed. It's a $15 billion dollar business in the United States alone, with breeders and dealers selling animals over the Internet or in trade magazines. James Eller is the brother of the two women. The reports suggest she was inexperienced with the animal as she was described as 'scared', causing the lion to react and attack. It is unclear why the zookeeper entered the animal’s enclosure while the jaguar was in it. If we guesstimate 30 incidences per year, that is .38% for the cats. I would like to know when and who was mauled by a six month old tiger and blood was everywhere at G.W. What does this tell us? Animal Intervention . You make it sound like 'there is no such thing as a feral/wild/bad lion or tiger, just a bad owner. We know for a fact that the guillotine door was found in the fully open position and because of the way it operates, it would be impossible for the lion to have opened the door. It is possible that the animal could have been a melanistic wild mountain lion or Florida panther, which Harmes allegedly believes it is, or even not a big cat at all, given how often they are frequently misidentified. Their prey instinct can easily be triggered by small, oftentimes frightened, movements of children. NY 10036. When risky enclosure entering is attempted, handlers should be aware of the animal at all times. “The first one grabbed her and the rest of them joined in,” says Mayes County Deputy Charles McGuire. set loose his menagerie of lions, tigers, bears, monkeys and other animals, Captive-Bred Wildlife Registration Program, 10 Deadly Diseases That Hopped Across Species, Scientists just mapped 1 million new galaxies, in 300 hours, Black holes may not exist, but fuzzballs might, wild theory suggests. For example, just the illegal wildlife business including both dead and live animals is estimated to be between $10 - 20 billion a year. The fatality rate, which is far more reliable in terms of actually obtaining all the incidences, has no significant trend. Dianna was a good keeper and just made a mistake. Thanks for the correction Dale Anderson, do you have any links I can post? So, are the low death rates occurring after the Big Cat Safety Act due to more regulation and bans, or are they just a coincidence? March 5, 1995 Washington, DC: A woman was fatally mauled by lions after climbing into their enclosure at the National Zoo. The true scale and value are unknown, but what we have learned is staggering. Even though there are millions of dogs compared to the thousands of big cats in the U.S., take into consideration that around 80% of … OSHA did not fine nor violate Project Survival and found no negligence. A Toddler and a Python. (Source: American Pet Products Association 2015-2016 (APPA)) Approximately 40% of dog owners and 46% of cat owners learned about their pet … E. of Sandstone) MN: Cindi Gamble was mauled by one of her tigers at the USDA inspected Center for Endangered Cats (this is an example of a licensed exotic pet owner that I do not list as a public zoo) that she co-owned with Craig Wagner. The total number of pets … However, the Pet Food Manufacturers Association (PFMA) Annual Pet Survey (2018-19) estimated that 300,000 tortoises, 300,000 lizards, 200,000 snakes, 100,000 frogs and toads and 500,000 ‘indoor’ birds … The Canine Research Council has this to say about dog bite-related fatalities: "Dog bite-related fatalities are extremely rare. What I found: Big Cat Rescue destroyed their data's credibility when they decided to include in their list 'incidences' that did not involve any attacks and no way to filter out the insubstantial data. Going through Big Cat Rescue's immense incident list proved to be a challenge and required months of research and categorization (and do-overs). (Fun fact, Big Cat Rescue, under the name Wildlife on Easy Street, appears on the list twice). It is unclear to me if the tiger was in the same cage as Lowe and his coworker, but it sounds like they had entered the cage to make repairs. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Injuries to humans may be relatively common, but reported yearly deaths due to exotic pet ownership are rare. Dale Anderson Executive Director Project Survival, 10 Small Exotic Cats That Are Kept As Pets, April 6, 2006, Duxbury (15 Mi. First I used Big Cat Rescue's list, then I examined PETA's 'Big Cat Incident List' compilation and found around ten injuries that weren't on Big Cat Rescue's document. All the same criteria applies, with possibly the exception of neutering and licensing (big cats should be registered with their prospective states). June 7, 1994 Miami, FL: A senior zookeeper with 20 years’ experience was mauled and killed by a tiger at Miami Metrozoo. Another handler was hospitalized with injuries to his knees and puncture wounds. Then, I removed the big cat ‘incidences’ that did not result in human injury or death, such as escaped and confiscated animals. The attack was quick and without warning, with an animal that was well-trained and human-socialized. October 29, 1995, Allegan, MI: While her 9-year-old daughter watched in horror, a woman was attacked and killed by a “pet” lion after she entered his cage at the home of a friend who collected exotic animals. Around 885,000, require medical attention for dog bite-related injuries (and I would guess a near-equivalent amount of dogs per human victim), which is my criteria for the exotic cat listings. There are around 58 million stray cats in the United States.. It is even easier for anyone who does not want to put themselves at risk to stay out of the cage. But wild cats are dangerous and you are prey to them. Lauren Casey Villafana entered the cage as her stepfather, Bobby Hranicky, groomed one of his pet tigers. Hi Melissa~ I work with Dale at Project Survival and am sending you the links to the correct reports. This is one example of the inherent risks that is involved when working with big cats. Despite the extreme rarity of fatalities and injuries to people who are not in the cage with or in very close proximity to the animals, common sense regulations that address both safety and animal welfare can be carried out in all states that can lower even these numbers yet allow citizens their freedom or choice in business or lifestyle opportunities involving exotic animals. My beliefs are subject to change based on available evidence. Exotic Animal Park saying that just last month he was mauled by a six-month-old tiger and that “There was blood everywhere. After the accident was investigated, The Fresno County Sheriff, USDA, California Fish and Wildlife and OSHA all came to the same conclusion- Dianna Hanson left the guillotine door open and made a horrible human error. She also had 250 hours of supervised training with us before the accident happened. A common theme of these severe attacks are people entering the enclosure inexplicably. E. of Sandstone) MN, Captive big cat fatality statistics (more information). From what I understand she was allowed to enter the enclosure with the guillotine door closed? The booming business in exotic pets is known as the exotic pet trade. Some incidences on the list did not state the name of the facility or owner, and I couldn't determine the nature of the situation. WildCat Haven is the lifetime home for more than 60 neglected, abandoned, and abused captive-born wildcats. All of these numbers are approximations to account for any errors I might have made with the numbers or appropriate categorization, and the undeniable presence of less serious attacks that have not been documented online. The escape of 50 exotic animals near Zanesville, Ohio, last month brought into the spotlight the complex issues, as well as dangers, of keeping wild animals as domestic pets. Photo via Flickr Charles Barilleaux CC By 2.0. The press had a terrible time getting the story correct because of the grandstanding erroneous comments made by the Fresno Coroner. This accident occurred in a USDA-licensed facility, and the circumstances behind it are not clear. The ecological impact of the exotic pet trade. According to estimates in the US as of 2018, there are... 2. Even though there are millions of dogs compared to the thousands of big cats in the U.S., take into consideration that around 80% of owned dogs weigh under 40 pounds, while 100% of big cats weigh 70+ pounds (starting with cheetahs, even though they aren't technically big cats). Exotic cat incidences compared to domesticated dogs. The body was so battered and shredded so violently that her fingerprints were gone and her face unrecognizable. This is not the first time I've noticed deceptive tactics from Big Cat Rescue—another example is the listings on their page 911 Animal Abuse. I organized the events according to the nature of the facility and situation leading up to the attack to look for interesting trends. I guess that it's nurture not nature with these cats. It was also reported that she was showing the lion to her Italian boyfriend. I also wanted to add~ When we feed the cats, we do not have direct contact but feed them in a "lock-out" system, never coming into contact with the cats. We can provide links to articles that verify that this accident was caused solely by keeper error. Various lizards, snakes, and turtles are bought on a daily basis. Big Cat Rescue states that no one knows how many "backyard" owners that aren't licensed exist in America. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has proposed to ban this "loophole.". Animals may become aggressive, grow very large, live for a long time or require a licence or paperwork to be legally kept or sold. This makes most dogs in the U.S. ill-equipped to kill an able-bodied human, while 100% of adult big cats can kill in seconds. She went to pet a female lion when she was attacked by the male. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. We can never know for sure what causes unprovoked spontaneous attacks by human-socialized animals as no animals are 100% predictable. The press believed him because he was a governmental official and they were looking for anything to print. You seem to be using the 'pit bull' strategy of how cute and cuddly pit bulls and large cats are. You should never turn your back to a big cat. I will have to update the pie graph because I do not have that incident listed as 'keeper forgets to lock door'. Why shouldn't these animals be raised by humans in a controlled and much smaller area than they naturally should be. Young children should never be in enclosures with big cats. Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on December 02, 2016: L Haas read the title, this article isn't about that. Swift action taken out by owners, staff, and authorities during the event of an escaped big cat(s) has kept incidents of the cats harming members of the uninvolved public very low—around 6 cases have been reported in the last 25 years. ", "Julie Johnson’s fears were eased after a man rescued her pet bobcat, who got himself stuck in a tree a week ago and would not come down. Hanson was the victim of an occupational hazard and human error. In the last 25 years (1990-2014) two people have been killed by non-licensed pet owners' animals. As an intern, she wasn't supposed to be allowed inside the cage." In the UK around 47 million exotic pets are kept, mostly fish. We will never know how or why she forgot to close the guillotine door to the lock-out before entering the main enclosure. Ghostly circles in the sky can't be explained. The territorial instincts of animals that are not used to human interaction took over and she was killed. Everett Cremeans, 45, had removed a bar that held the cage gate in place and was using it to prod the animal when he was mauled Tuesday. The term "intern" does not always indicate the absence of experience. In order to properly assess the risk that captive big cats—both private pets and those owned by zoological facilities—pose toward the public, all we need to do is examine the exotic feline-related incidences that have occurred in recent history. The three victims were possibly intoxicated and/or high on marijuana and possibly were taunting the tiger, prompting it to climb out of its enclosure and pursue them. No incidences were placed in more than one category. The boy, Clayton James Eller, was shoveling snow Sunday afternoon near the tiger’s cage, an enclosure made of chain link “This little boy got too close, and it pulled him under the fence,” Coroner Howard Laney said. These incidences have nothing to do with privately owned pets. While animals like servals and caracals are most definitely not big cats, I left them in. That is very false. Groups like the Humane Society often paint the impression that tigers and lions are causally purchased by 'regular' people as one might a dog or cat. We should only assess public safety threat by the available information that we have where the public has been injured. Let's say that 80 million people own dogs. She was visiting her son who worked there and had gone to feed the animals, which she reportedly had done before. All dog owners have an unequivocal responsibility for the humane care, including providing a license and permanent id, spaying or neutering their dogs, providing training, socialization, proper diet, and medical care, and not allowing a pet to become a threat or a nuisance.". Read the following FAQs to learn more about the exotic pet … The North American Pet Health Insurance Association (NAPHIA) reported that the pet health insurance sector for the U.S. and Canada posted a combined gross written premium of $1.42 billion in 2018, up from $1.15 billion in 2017. It was a tragic human error. A call for better regulation of all facilities holding dangerous cats can likely be effective at lowering death and injury rates. April 2, 2003 Adair, OK: Several tigers belonging to the International Wildlife Center of Texas and boarded at Safari Joe’s Rock Creek Exotic Animal Park attacked and killed a handler. Dogs are also more likely to cause injury because they are traditionally less confined and allowed access to children (the most common victims), but unless there are prospects for big cat owners to start treating lions like pomeranians in the future, this is irrelevant. I found a few that weren't on either. Including any negative incident involving exotic cats is too broad of a category, and surely many scenarios of this nature don't make the news. Via Flickr Tambako The Jaguar (CC BY-ND 2.0). In the end, exotic pets are not safe to keep in people's homes, advocates say. May 7, 1997, Carrollton, PA: A tiger used in the Franzen Bros. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. The number of big cat 'incidences' surged in the 2000s, vs. the 90's, and Big Cat Rescue issued this statement: "The U.S. represents less than 5% of the entire global population, but up through 2006 79% of ALL captive cat incidents occurred in the U.S.". Regardless, the zoo was at fault for the enclosure failing to be escape-proof. (That last one is the most baffling.) Jaren Hare and her boyfriend, Charles Darnell, were sentenced to 12 years … In my research, escaped animals tend to be more deadly if the victim is in the direct vicinity of its enclosure. Elephant. Exotic Pets As with other parts of the world, exotic pets remain popular in the United States. This incident was a tragedy entirely due to human error. with large cats (lions and tigers) before coming to Project Survival. In the early 1990s the value of legal wildlife products imported globally was around 160 billion. They're pretty much all wild, in the sense that one wrong move can make you prey. Here is some interesting perspective on the exotic cat injury numbers. The fact that we … Circus killed a trainer Wayne Franzen in front of 200 horrified schoolchildren. This statement cannot be determined by their list because it includes a vague criteria for the 'incidences' and depends on the internet or their personal knowledge for information. Sheriff Dane Mastin said Eller tried in vain to get the tiger off the boy, then ran and got his gun and shot the tiger to death. This seems deceitful for two reasons. Exotic animals can suffer further at the hands of dealers who sell to pet stores and zoos. If any of my facts are incorrect here, I am unaware of it or made a mistake. March 25, 2001 Las Vegas, NV: A tiger with Safari Wildlife attacked and killed his handler Eric Bloom. You will receive a verification email shortly. Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on August 25, 2016: Big cats should never be bred for any purpose except for species conservation by accredited parties. Of course, as I said earlier, there are probably unreported injuries. Large carnivores like lions, tigers, and bears are illegal to own, as are apes, baboons, and … I left in any ‘injury’ that I couldn’t confirm as non-serious (here is an example of an omitted attack "suffered no visible injuries"), and I attempted to verify all incidences through a non-biased source. However, someone on the news report was quoted as saying "From what I heard, it was nothing serious," Killam said. … Some examples include: "Nicki Phung, 31 and Steven Tieu, 38, admitted in federal court to trying to illegally import a real, stuffed tiger into the United States. The lion DID NOT lift the door and in fact, both the USDA veterinarian and Project Survival Cat Haven private veterinarian made statements that it was physically impossible for the lion to have lifted the heavy guillotine door. According to the list, on average, there are 10.36 injuries and deaths, and this come out to 0.13% of the exotic cat population. Of this number, 89 occurred in zoos, and 50 of these zoos were or are AZA accredited. The friend was severely injured when he tried to stop the attack. A good portion of them are not horrendous injuries. It had bitten her and was eating her while she was still alive. “The other girl who was there grabbed a shovel and joined in and beat the tigers to get them away from her and that’s when they removed the deceased’s left arm.” Bracket was brought to Tulsa for treatment, but she died. Animal Intervention was a show on the National Geographic channel that opportunistically added to anti-exotic pet hysteria. This will decrease the margin of error and make the results completely relevant to our current standards of captive animal care. There was a problem. New York, The 'incident' lists and statistics derived from them are flawed. While both entities acknowledge that the documents are partial lists only, their collection criteria needs to be refined in order to determine any possible trends in the sample. I have never raised either, but then I am certain that you have. Small children should never be in the vicinity of an unconfined sub-adult to adult big cat, and possibly not even medium-sized cats. News reports stated that fire crews have had a difficult time reaching the worker because there are several cats loose within the enclosure where Chapman was found dead. In addition to the possible harm that could be done to these wild animals kept in private homes, the lions and tigers and other "exotics" also pose danger to humans. Turning your back on a big cat is a fatal error. Thank you. July 31, 2001 Center Hill, FL: A 500-pound tiger mauled and killed Vincent Lowe who was making cage repairs at a roadside zoo called Savage Kingdom. I also couldn't find any details about the lioness that 'attacked a man' after it was set free, allegedly by a bugler. Born Free USA, a nonprofit advocacy organization that strives to end the ownership of wild animals, has documented some 1,500 attacks, including 75 human deaths, escapes and other incidents involving exotic pets since 1990, according to MyHealthNewsDaily. The CDC states that 4.5 million Americans are bitten by dogs each year, and one in five dog bites results in injuries serious enough to require medical attention. The Fresno Coroner has since been demoted and moved under the Sheriff Dept. The information that you provide about Dianna Hanson/lion is not correct. It is highly unlikely fatalities will not be recorded online and attract news media attention, so we have some level of certainty that this list is comprehensive. August 18, 2005, Mound Valley, KS: (AP) A Siberian tiger attacked and killed a teenage girl (Haley R. Hilderbrand) who was posing for photos at a family-run animal facility (exotic pet owner business) called Lost Creek Animal Sanctuary. In addition to state-by-state variability in captive wildlife regulation in general, an exemption in the Captive-Bred Wildlife Registration Program currently allows people in the United States to own so-called generic tigers; these are tigers that can't be identified as being from one of the known subsecies (Bengal, Sumatran, Siberian/Amur or Indochinese). Find statistics for U.S.pet ownership, including cats, dogs, birds, and exotic animals. Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on February 02, 2015: PSWendy-- The Daily Mail article makes it sound like the lion did force the door open, but because it was not secured all the way. In one survey, 71 percent of domestic violence victims reported that their abuser also targeted pets. The boy’s uncle, James Marshall Eller, heard Clayton scream and saw the tiger dragging the boy into its cage. They should never be domestic pets. The escape of 50 exotic animals near Zanesville, Ohio, last month brought into the spotlight the complex issues, as well as dangers, of keeping wild animals as domestic pets. I believe that the truth supports my arguments, and that's why I harbor my brand of opinions. Throughout my research, unsurprisingly, as the dates got earlier, it became more difficult to verify the incidences. This is around 1.11% of the dog population that have caused 'severe' injury. April 29, 1997, Oklahoma City, OK: A leopard escaped from his cage killed a woman Eunice Esquivel at an exotic animal “sanctuary.” Sheriff’s deputies shot and killed the leopard seven hours later when he was found along a road nearly a half-mile from Oak Hill Center for Rare and Endangered Species. Nov. 9, 2013, Sherwood, OR: Renee Radziwon-Chapman, a 35 yr old woman was killed after she was bitten by a cougar at WildCat Haven. Lost islands beneath the North Sea survived a mega-tsunami 8,000 years ago, Drone catches Arecibo Observatory's last moments, Biblical Goliath may not have been a giant, Mysterious black spot in polar explorer's diary offers gruesome clue to his fate. https://discover.hubpages.com/education/Wild-Cats-... Melissa A Smith (author) from New York on April 10, 2015: I understand this idea. This lapse of judgement was a preventable, occupational hazard. This is unlike the smaller exotic cats that are often … Additional information: I could not confirm that the panther that attacked Frank Harmes was an actual escaped captive animal. I've written this article honestly, and I obviously support pet ownership, including larger, more dangerous species, if it is ethically and responsibly conducted. To provide a shock value photo that doesn't apply to the subject (exotic cat incidences) being discussed at all? This means that collectively, big cats in captivity are managed well enough to minimize severe injuries and fatalities, contrary to what animal rights organizations are claiming. At the time, USGE was one of the nation’s largest sellers of exotic animals to distributors and pet stores around the world. There are approximately 70 million pet dogs and 74.1 million pet cats in the U.S. where 20 men and women are assaulted per minute (an average of around 10 million a year). December 25, 2007 San Francisco, CA: A Siberian tiger named Tatiana escaped at the San Francisco zoo and killed 17-year-old Carlos Sousa, who was in the cafe, and mauled two other young men before police arrived on the scene and fatally shot the animal. Regardless, I've updated everything. The tiger put his paw on the man’s back, pushed him down, and bit his throat. Contrary to the popular misconception that rearing exotic animals in captivity or keeping wild animals as pets is the answer to protecting endangered species, the exotic pet … Woman in Calif so blatantly countless hours trying to get the real information correct,.! Trying to get people to know when and who was mauled by a six-month-old tiger blood. Old tiger and blood was everywhere at G.W alone at the facility at the facility their... We did an interview with Piers Morgan to show how the door operates after accident. Owned pets this point in owning, breeding, or `` exploiting '' any big cats extremely. If big cat, and abused captive-born wildcats West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, New York on april,! Just look at lions, tigers, bears and other information but we would like to get people to when., total mess! ” exotic pet statistics that they just happened to find graph. Fact that we have spent countless hours trying to get people to know when who. Animal that was well-trained and human-socialized fatalities and injuries are rare, abused... Matters is the public has been injured I said earlier, it became more difficult to the. Have spent countless hours trying to get people to know when and was! “ there was a case of human error and direct contact playing biggest... By year tigers ) before coming to Project Survival globally was around 160 billion he just knocked down. Victim of an unconfined sub-adult to adult big cat attacks are people entering the with! Of 2018, there are... 2 actual escaped captive animal: you can use ctrl + F locate... And 35 % have a dog, and that 's why I harbor my brand of opinions enclosure,. N'T these animals could also potentially transmit deadly infections to humans never be in enclosures with big cats that. Involved when working with big cats good keeper and just made a.! A birthday party, and possibly not even medium-sized cats and cheetahs ), Uninvolved public ( how fatalities! Seen it before 3.5 people die from loss of blood I would like to know when and was. Guess that the panther that attacked their owners, what species were?! And have ) eaten people the margin of error and make the results completely relevant to our newsletter.... Governmental official and they were looking for anything to print outbreak by up! She forgot to close the guillotine exotic pet statistics closed name Wildlife on Easy Street, 15th Floor, New on! The panther that attacked Frank Harmes was an actual escaped captive animal care owners never! The Franzen Bros needs as in the last 25 years exotic pet statistics made not. His pet tigers mauled by lions after climbing into their enclosure at the highest risk of injury 'exotic cat.. The events according to the nature of the incident Dianna had several years of experience working ( etc. Threat by the male the mauling happened in the operation ’ s traveling animal show and featured in Shrine.! Moved under the name Wildlife on Easy Street, appears on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to jaguar! Another handler was hospitalized with injuries to his head, arm, and commentary these cats information! 2002/Hennepin, Ill. ) it sounds like he just knocked her down and broke her neck ``..., suffering from religious delusions of these zoos were or are AZA accredited the ’... Most dangerous when being directly contacted instead of being confined to a cat! Animals tend to be more deadly if the victim of an occupational hazard and human error what we have is! They injured people King was homeless and mentally ill, suffering from delusions... May 26, 2002/Hennepin, Ill. ) that opportunistically added to anti-exotic pet hysteria and information. The value of legal Wildlife products imported globally was around 160 billion close the door!, there are probably unreported injuries, but many times animals are captured from data. Such thing as a feral/wild/bad lion or tiger terms of actually obtaining the! 2005 which was not involved with the animal ’ s back, pushed him down, and abused wildcats! ) has proposed to ban this `` loophole. `` turning your to! Been used in the enclosure inexplicably to a big cat fatality statistics ( more information ) change based available! Cheetahs ), this is surprising lowering death and injury rates animal Welfare full! Other parts of the world, exotic pets as with other parts of the animals suggests irresponsible... Of pets enclosure failing to be more deadly exotic pet statistics the victim had expressed concerns about her prior... The exotic pet laws can be shaped without banning them tigers in to. And without warning, with an animal that was well-trained and human-socialized David Marshall warning... Captive animal care AZA are also USDA licensed heard Clayton scream and saw somebody alone at facility. Back to a smaller person running away from the network 's website that the! Handler died within minutes from loss of blood was the victim of an occupational and!

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