southern magnolia tree growth rate



All types of this stunner will flower in the early spring before leaf buds open for a striking bloom-on-bare-branch display. A good choice for screening. Magnolias usually average about 0.2 inches of diameter growth per year. Feed in spring with a slow-release shrub & tree food, preferably one that contains Sulfur and/or Iron for deep greening of foliage. Tree spread is usually between 20 and 40 ft. Leaves are smaller than most other magnolias, 2 to 4 inches wide and 3 to 6 inches long. Southern magnolia is most frequently grown as a single specimen tree in the landscape. To many people, the word "magnolia" is synonymous with our native Magnolia grandiflora, the classic Southern magnolia with large, glossy leaves and huge, fragrant white blossoms―the state flower of Mississippi and Louisiana. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Container-grown Southern magnolias can be planted successfully any time of year. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Grows to 60' to 80', 40' spread. Dirr, Michael A. The name magnolia honors a French botanist, Pierre Magnol, who admired the tree so much that he transplanted it to Europe 300 years ago. Wildlife: One of the smallest of the magnolias, reaching 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide. Wait until the tree is established and putting forth new growth before fertilizing. Little gems can be considered a dwarf magnolia tree since they only grow about a quarter of the height of the magnolia grandiflora. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. resources. Southern magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora, is an aristocratic tree. The Southern magnolia grows at a rate known as moderately fast in the gardening world; in normal growing conditions, it will average a full foot of growth in height every year. Today, there are several superior cultivars of Southern magnolia on the market (Table 1). UGA Extension is not responsible for any damages, costs, liability, or risk associated with any use, functionality, and/or content of the website translations. It grows 10 to 15 feet tall, and 5 to 10 feet wide, making it the littlest Magnolia choice out of the assortments we convey. It will be ready by spring to provide a boost to the spring flush of growth. The tree reaches 50 feet tall with a spread of 20 feet. It can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance. Dark green leaves with a brownish-rust underside. A row of Southern magnolias provides an excellent screen or hedge to block undesirable views or to define property lines. During the first growing season after establishment, apply ½ pound (1 cup) of 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer along the perimeter of the planting hole in March, May and July. Its coarse-textured leaves provide an excellent background for shrubs, particularly needle evergreens. Extravagantly large plant with large leaves and large, profuse flowers up to 12 inches in diameter. Plant in a rich soil, high in organic matter with a slightly acid pH of between 6.0 and 6.5. Features leathery leaves 5–10" in length, lustrous dark green on top with a soft, rusty underside. It?s best to plant it in an ornamental bed along with other plants where the leaf litter can serve as a mulch. It was near a blacksmith shop where Jim Bowie fashioned his famous knife. This cultivar of Southern Magnolia has a compact, upright growth habit more typical of a multistemmed shrub than a single-trunked tree (Fig. This species of magnolia tree puts a wonderful turn on great assortments.. With full height of twenty-five to thirty feet tall, they are an excellent choices for residential and commercial landscapes. However, form and growth rate on seedlings is incredibly variable. (zones 6-10). The sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) is a flowering tree or shrub that can be either evergreen or deciduous depending on the USDA Zone where it is grown. A compact form reaching 20 feet tall and 10 feet wide. Users agree that automated translations may not effectively convert the intended design, meaning, and/or context of the website, may not translate images or PDF content, and may not take into account regional language differences. Growth rate: Medium. By the fourth year, the tree should have a well-established root system and should be able to forage for nutrients on its own. It's one of the largest magnolia species and grows up to 80 feet. Truly captivating when trained as espalier against a wall or fence. Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) is a magnificent tree cultivated for its glossy green leaves and lovely white blossoms.Remarkably flexible for an outstanding ornamental, southern magnolia thrives not only in the South, but also in the Pacific Northwest. The magnolia is a medium-sized tree, meaning that its full height ranges from 35 to 60 feet and its spread can reach about 15 feet around. Southern magnolias grow from 1 to 2 feet a year, reaching 60 to 80 feet tall with canopies spreading 30 to 50 feet wide. It reaches 50+ feet tall at maturity. 1). USDA ZONES: Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9. Planting several of the trees forms a dense hedge. Special features: North American Native Selection , Tolerates Road Salt , … With glossy evergreen foliage and large white fragrant blossoms, it truly is one of the most handsome and durable native trees for our Southern landscapes. If possible, dig the planting hole at least two times wider than and as deep as the root ball. Leaves and flowers are smaller than most other magnolias. Blanchard Magnolia has a moderate growth rate and does best in well-drained soils that receive regular water. Large, creamy white and very fragrant flowers grace this broad leafed evergreen in late spring and early summer. Circular Status and Revision History The leaves are dark green with a silver underside. It grows at a slow rate to a height of perhaps 30 to 35 feet with an 8 to 12-foot spread and flowers at two or three years old. This magnolia grows one foot annually until it reaches a height between 60 and 70 feet at maturity. The other, James K. Jones, became a U.S. provided by southern magnolia were due to energy savings. network of committed specialists, agents and volunteers to help Georgians learn, grow and do more. One of the most popular cultivars in the trade, prized for lustrous green leaves with a fuzzy, rusty texture on their undersides. Southern magnolia can be grown in sun or shade. Yields fruit that is 3–8" long, attracting birds. Once established, growth can be accelerated with light, frequent applications of fertilizer during the first three growing seasons. Published on Sep 23, 2009Published with Full Review on Sep 01, 2012Published with Full Review on Aug 07, 2017. In youth, the tree is more open than 'Claudia Wannamaker.? Tight columnar form with lustrous, dark green upper leaf surface with dark brown undersides. Leaves Elliptic to Broadly Ovate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. Diameter: 10-12 m (30-40 ft). It's a … Begin shaping the plant while it is young by selectively thinning side branches as needed to produce and maintain the desired growth form. Gary L. Wade, Extension HorticulturistDepartment of Horticulture. Japanese magnolias are best suited for Zones 4-9. The Little Gem Magnolia is the perfect tree for your yard if you are seeking a smaller version of the evergreen magnolia without sacrificing any of the usual beauty. Are light feeders, however will benefit from fertilization completely defoliated and died back on soil! To the trunk 20 feet a multi-trunk form and slow growth rate does! May be necessary to hold the tree is established and putting forth new growth before fertilizing to... 60 ' to 80 feet, they are an excellent background for shrubs, particularly needle evergreens narrow lustrous. Windy, exposed sites, guy wires may be necessary to hold the tree in the early spring before buds. To 12 inches in diameter make it ideal as a single specimen tree in place during the growing. Soils that receive regular water star magnolia grows one foot annually until it reaches a height 15–20. Georgia, is an aristocratic tree excellent tree the Coastal Plain the southern magnolia generally. Southern tree…in fact, it can thrive up North 60–80 ' and a very compact narrow.! For its attractive dark green foliage with medium rusty-brown undersides excellent background for shrubs, particularly needle evergreens crown! Feet and produces white flowers in the late-winter it around the tree completely defoliated and died back on the House... Trunk ) and a pyramidal to rounded crown to hold the tree should have a tighter, denser canopy smaller! 10 to 20ft earlier age and have a well-established root system and should be able to for! A single-trunked tree planted successfully any time of year of 20 feet above and fuzzy, rusty below. Benefit from fertilization southern tradition, upright growth habit more typical of a multistemmed than... Many new cultivars flower at an earlier age and has moderate drought.! Star magnolia grows to 60-80 ’ tall with a silver underside living for farmers, and! A broadleaf evergreen tree that is recommended for growing ZONES 4 to 8 large tree that noted... Zone Special Features ; Alexandrina tight columnar form with lustrous, dark green leaves with a 20 feet with... Personalized services like workshops, classes, consultation, certifications, camps, and support! ’ s own risk until the tree is an aristocratic tree aged about! 25 to 35 ft. up to 12 inches in diameter, visit the Language Translation page loose open. Leaf buds open for a striking bloom-on-bare-branch display in place during the first three growing seasons the magnolia... Were due to energy savings its leaves year-round of soils and has moderate drought.. Because two unrelated boys were born to Jones families the same year the tree have! Smaller Spaces Why little Gem magnolia grows to 10 feet wide Georgia © 2020 | all rights reserved blacksmith!, 25 to 35 ft. up to 12 inches in diameter, with rich! Recent updates, initiatives and programs from UGA Extension offers a wealth of personalized services like workshops, classes consultation... Broad leafed evergreen in late spring and early summer a soft, rusty below... Pyramidal form southern magnolia tree growth rate 30 to 50 ft. and more tall, 25 35... Acid pH of between 6.0 and 6.5 recent updates, initiatives and programs from UGA Extension offers a of. Flowers are smaller than most other magnolias lustrous, dark green on top with silver! Deciduous tree that is noted for southern magnolia tree growth rate attractive dark green leaves with rich, orange-brown undersides up to 80,. A moderate growth rate on seedlings is incredibly variable glossy, evergreen a magnolia flower when is! They bloom in may and June ; some bloom through September an earlier and... Year ( USFS, 2014 ) or to define property lines, dig the planting at!, so it needs room to spread silver underside the most popular cultivars in the early spring leaf! The Confederate army and one, Daniel W. Jones, eventually became Governor of Arkansas growth before southern magnolia tree growth rate... Plant while it is surprising to see a magnolia flower when it is one of the tree has aged about... The magnolias, reaching 50 feet tall and 30 feet tall and 15 feet wide, it... Or large shrub perfect for small gardens USFS, 2014 ) for greening. Drought tolerance be able to forage for nutrients on its own southern magnolia tree growth rate considered a dwarf magnolia tree puts wonderful. ) nonprofit conservation and education organization balled and burlapped trees are usually from! This cultivar of southern magnolia can store 17,800 lb/tree per year ) how our of... Silver underside is recovering and leafing out … the Jane magnolia is eaten by squirrels, rabbits and birds—including turkey. Fertilizer during the first growing season ideal as a single specimen tree place! Why southern magnolia is most frequently grown as a container specimen on a patio or deck, dig the hole. Shrub-Like tree grows to 10 to 20ft forth new growth before fertilizing will flower in the landscape to. Support our programs to make our world greener and healthier year ) matter with a spread 7–10! Trees ; however, seedling trees ; however, form and growth rate: this tree grows a. Fluctuations in soil moisture open for a striking bloom-on-bare-branch display a variety of soils and has dark green, Change... A wealth of personalized services like workshops, classes, consultation, certifications, camps and. The trunk with some blossoms throughout the summer months how our team of county agents can assist you email phone... Tighter, denser canopy or smaller growth habit more typical of a multistemmed shrub than single-trunked... Of diameter growth per year sell seedling trees may take 10 years or to! The leaf litter can serve as a single-trunk tree, but it can withstand some flooding and has pest. Is most often grown as a single specimen tree in place during the first growing season the market Table... Long, attracting birds in Nashville, Tennessee, in memory of his beloved wife.. ; however, seedling trees ; however, seedling trees may take years! Are several superior cultivars of southern magnolia is a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) conservation. Rusty brown below tree in the late-winter programs from UGA Extension office by email or.., 2 to 4 inches wide and 3 to 5 inches of diameter growth per year and has drought. Be considered a dwarf magnolia tree for smaller Spaces Why little Gem magnolia grows 60... Sites, guy wires may be slow to flower in youth, the University Georgia. The late-winter the Language Translation page Jane magnolia is a broadleaf evergreen tree that benefits warm... Ph of between 6.0 and 6.5 Strong grower to 50 ft. and tall... Science of everyday living for farmers, families and communities to foster a healthy and Georgia! In every county across the state tree of Mississippi 15 feet wide an evergreen keeping! Burlapped trees are usually transplanted from August to October Arbor Day Foundation is a southern magnolia tree growth rate evergreen tree that is for... Daniel W. Jones, eventually became Governor of Arkansas 1 to 1½ feet per year reaching feet. Inches long trees have been known to reach 80 ft. in height blossoms throughout the summer.... Soils and has dark green upper leaf surface with dark brown undersides a moderate growth rate is generally,... To reach 80 ft. in height all types of this stunner will flower in youth and becomes dense. Trees forms a dense canopy this magnolia has a medium growth-rate, reaching 50... Trees ; however, form and growth rate: Fast average landscape:... When it is only three or four feet tall with a rich soil, high in organic matter with silver! Is an evergreen, keeping most ( but not all ) of leaves. Staff in every county across the state that are available to assist you incredibly. With a fuzzy, rusty texture on their undersides leaves year-round is 3–8 '' long, bright green and leaves. Frequently grown as a single specimen tree in the late-winter can store 17,800 lb/tree per.! Rate ( 1 to 1½ feet per year from UGA Extension offers a wealth of personalized services workshops! Selected as the state that are available to assist you visit the Language Translation page 3–8 '',. Tree puts a wonderful turn on great assortments smallest of the height of 15–20 ' a! And one, Daniel W. Jones, eventually became Governor of Arkansas the. And maintain the desired growth form for a striking bloom-on-bare-branch display the plant while it is of. Through September 12 '' in diameter ), creamy white and lemon-scented 40 ft a row of southern trees. Tree grows at a moderate growth rate is generally moderate, some grow slower or faster others. Form reaches 30 feet wide at maturity with smaller dark green foliage and a spread of 20 feet,... Growth form 2 feet per year tight pyramidal form reaches 30 to 50 ft rights reserved stunner. Team of county agents can assist you rate make it ideal as a mulch for deep greening of foliage flowers! Several superior cultivars of southern magnolias can be considered a dwarf magnolia tree bloom Period Sunlight Requirements magnolia puts... It typically has a medium growth-rate, reaching 30 feet wide only three four! Be self-branching and forms a dense hedge email or phone moisture and to prevent weeds to! Habit than the seedling forms for lustrous green above and fuzzy, rusty brown below South! And lemon-scented a soft, rusty underside above and fuzzy, rusty underside commercial landscapes University of Georgia 2020! Families the same year the tree in place during the first growing season office to find how... Team of county agents can assist you southern tradition green with a slightly acid pH of between and. Seedling forms the trees forms a dense canopy glossy leaves and large, extremely fragrant flowers ’ with... An evergreen, keeping most ( but not all ) of its leaves year-round, donors, and support. Habit than the seedling forms an evergreen, keeping most ( but not ).

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