metro system in mexico city facts



Construction of the subterranean track between Buenavista (named after the old Buenavista train station) and Garibaldi began in October 1994. In Mexico City the first stage of a combined underground and surface metro system (designed after the Paris Métro) was opened in 1969. Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral is the largest and oldest cathedral in Latin America, attracting hundreds of people from different countries every year. A sideways commemoration was División del Norte, named after the Army that Pancho Villa commanded until its demise in the Battle of Celaya in 1915. Mexico City Metro is the second largest metro system in the Americas (second only to the New York subway). "El metro de ciudad de México visto por los franceses,", Giniger, Henry, "Mexico City Subway Runs Deep into the Past: Relics of 600 Years in vast Quantity Are Being Unearthed,", Gussinyer, Jordi. Here is an overview of each system’s fare structure: Metro Cost: 5 pesos. Plans for a new STC Metro line started in 2008, although previous surveys and assessments were made as early as 2000. It Started in 1904. All of the closed stations were in the historic center area, with the exception of the stations of Line 2 south of Pino Suárez. Most directly referencing the Revolution was Pino Suárez, named after Francisco I. Madero's vice president, who was murdered with him in February 1913. → Subscribe to our channel https://goo.gl/nyyK9K -Find our content valuable? At M$5 a ride, it’s one of the world’s cheapest subways. [1] Ten of the lines are rubber-tired; instead of traditional steel wheels, they use pneumatic traction, which are quieter[citation needed] and cope better with Mexico City's unstable soils. The same map shows that Line 8 would have reached the Villa Coapa area and that it would not have had a terminal at Garibaldi, but at Indios Verdes, linking with Line 3. Most of the stock is rapid transit type, with the exception of the Line A stock, which is light metro. In Mexico City: Cultural institutions. Mexico City - Mexico City is the most populous metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere. The Metropolitan Cathedral, built over a period of nearly 250 years (1573–1813) on the north side of the Zócalo, presents a mixture of three architectural styles predominant during the colonial period: Renaissance, Baroque, and Neoclassical.Its meticulously decorated Sagrarium represents the apogee of the native Baroque… The Mexico City metropolitan area is the ninth largest in the world and has the world’s largest Spanish-speaking population. UrbanRail.Net > America > Mexico City HISTORY OF THE MEXICO CITY METRO (Thanks to Marco Monroy for this UrbanRail.Net contribution) Part 1: The Origin. With 24.31 kilometres (15.11 mi), it is the longest line in the system. On 19 June 1967, at the crossroads of Chapultepec Avenue with Avenida Bucareli, the inauguration ceremony for the Mexico City Metro took place. Every assigned color is present on square-shaped station logos, system maps and street signs, and neither colors nor numbers have been changed. Thanks! Mexican cuisine is some of the world’s best, and it is heavily oriented towards street … These Stops On Mexico City’s Metro System Are Tourist Destinations All On Their Own By Justin Lessner October 5, 2019 at 3:47 pm Mexico City’s sprawling and bustling metro system just celebrated its 50th Anniverdary and to celebrate, the system opened the world’s largest (gratis) public art gallery. In 1988, Aquiles Sedán honors the first martyr of the Revolution. The subway, which has been in operation for over a hundred years, is rich in history, and you could go on and on with all the interesting facts. With this, the length of the network increased 37.1 kilometres (23.1 mi), adding two lines and 29 more stations, giving the metro network at that point a total of 178.1 kilometres (110.7 mi), 154 stations and 10 lines. The Mexico City Metro (Spanish: Metro de la Ciudad de México), officially called Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, often shortened to STC, is a rapid transit system that serves the metropolitan area of Mexico City, including some municipalities in Mexico State. No so long ago, it came in the top 10 busiest metros of the world. All lines have underground and surface sections, except line 1, which is completely underground, and line 4, which is entirely on the surface. The best way to get around Mexico City is via Uber or a taxi. According to official reports, from 31 to 39 people died, and between 71 and 119 were injured. El Metro is the main rail-based mass-transport system in Mexico City. On the morning of 19 September 1985, an 8.1 Richter magnitude earthquake struck Mexico City. There are no Metro stops named for Madero, Carranza, Obregón, or Calles, and only an oblique reference to Villa in Metro División del Norte. New York City could learn a lot from Mexico City's metro system. [3] The system has expanded since then in a series of fits and starts. Each station is identified by a minimalist logo, first designed by Lance Wyman, who had also designed the logo for the 1968 Mexico Olympics. In 1970, Revolución opened, with the station at the Monument to the Revolution. Nevertheless, completion was delayed to 2012. In years past, the line was a 1950s style Tranvia (Tram), which was upgraded to Tren Ligero status and connects the southern-most Metro terminal, Metro Taxqueña, with Xochimilco, one of the southernmost suburbs in the capital. [37] Servicio de Transportes Eléctricos manages both the Xochimilco Light Rail line and the city's trolleybus system. It has 115 underground stations[1] (the deepest of which are 35 metres [115 ft] below street level); 54 surface stations[1] and 26 elevated stations. After the crash, automatic traffic lights were incorporated to all lines. La Vaka Las Antenas (50) 3 mi $$ - $$$ Mexican. The Mexico City Metro offers in and out-street transfers to four major rapid transit systems: the Mexico City Metrobús and State of Mexico Mexibús bus rapid transit systems, the Mexico City light rail system and the Ferrocarril Suburbano (FSZMVM) commuter rail. The cost of an individual ticket is one of the lowest in the world, and went from 3 pesos to 5 pesos each on December 13th, 2013. Urban rail transit systems in Mexico include four light rail or rapid transit systems: The Guadalajara light rail system, the Mexico City Metro, the Xochimilco Light Rail line (in Mexico City) and the Monterrey Metro. The sole light rail line running from Tasqueña to Xochimilco is operated by the Servicio de Transportes Eléctricos and is better known as Tren Ligero. STC Metro stations that connect to Metrobús lines include Indios Verdes, La Raza, Chilpancingo, Balderas, Etiopía / Plaza de la Transparencia, Insurgentes Sur and others. [18] The excavations needed to make way for the rails gave opportunities to find artifacts from different periods of the region's inhabitants, in areas that are now densely urbanized. This line will connect Mexico City with Toluca. The metro area population of Mexico City in 2018 was 21,581,000, a 0.38% increase from 2017. In absolute terms, however, water rates in Mexico City and throughout the Central Valley are scandalously low. In 1994, Constitución de 1917 opened, as did Garibaldi, named after the grandson of Italian fighter for independence, Giuseppi Garibaldi. Texas Ribs Lomas Estrella (107) 4.3 mi $$ - $$$ American. With 117.5 kilometers (73 miles) of routes in operation, the Santiago Metro is the largest rapid transit system in South America, the second largest in Latin America after Mexico City, and the sixth-most-extensive in the Western Hemisphere. In January 2010, the price rose to MXN $3.00 (€ 0.15, or US$ 0.24), a fare that remained until 13 December 2013; a 2009 survey showed that 93% of citizens approved of the increase, while some said they would be willing to pay even more if needed. On another note, major updates to the site, news regarding the systems that I find interesting, and my own commentary on different things about Mexico City and it’s Metro system can be found on the News section. According to the 1985 STC Metro Master Plan, Metrobús Line 1 roughly follows the route planned for STC Metro Line 15 by 2010, which was never built. Mexico City Transportation Today •One of the world's Megacities o Over 20 Million citizens •High levels of traffic and densely populated •30 million vehicular trips in the city each day •Over 3.5 million cars •Between 70%-80% of trips are public transportation •4.5 million trips on Mexico City's 125 mile subway system The Metropolitan Cathedral is one of the city’s emblems, dazzling and eye catching as a symbol that reminds us of the dominance of one culture over another . Line B was opened to public in two stages: from Buenavista to Villa de Aragón on 15 December 1999, and from Villa de Aragón to Ciudad Azteca on 30 November 2000. 1 - Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro in China at 60.4 km / 37.5 miles long which is located between the city’s Airport South Station and Panyu Square Station.. 2 - Line 10 of the Beijing Subway in China at 57.1km / 35.5 miles long which is located between the city’s Xiju Station and Shoujingmao Station. [39], On 4 May 2015 two trains crashed in Oceanía station, in Line 5, while both were going towards Politécnico station The first was leaving to Aragón station when was requested to stop and wait, while the second did not de-activated the autopilot and crashed it at the end of the platform. By the end of the first stage, namely on 10 June 1972, the STC Metro had 48 stations and a total length of 41.41 kilometres (25.73 mi): Line 1 ran from Observatorio to Zaragoza, Line 2 from Tacuba into the southwestern Tasqueña and line 3 from Tlatelolco to Hospital General in the south, providing quick access to the General Hospital of Mexico. Many buildings as well as streets were left with major damage making the transportation on the ground difficult, but the STC Metro was not damaged because a rectangular structure had been used instead of arches, making it resistant to earthquakes, thus proving to be a safe means of transportation in a time of crisis. By 2010, the metro system is expected to grow to 15 lines, stretch over 315 kilometers (196 miles), and carry more than 12 million passengers per day. The names of metro stations are often historical in nature, highlighting people, places, and events in Mexican history. [citation needed], On the day of the quake, the Metro stopped service and completely shut down for fear of electrocution. I also will include my own personal commentary on certain aspects of the system wherever appropriate. Line 3 route was expanded from Zapata station to Universidad station on 30 August 1983. If you have any questions, comments, corrections, photos to share, or anything else to tell me, please don’t hesitate to use my contact form to contact me, and I’ll get back to you ASAP. In 1999, the radical anarchist Ricardo Flores Magón was honored with the station of the same name. MEXICO CITY METROPOLITAN CATHEDRAL: FACTS AND PHOTOS. 9. Best nearby. 26 Other Attractions within 5 miles. Teleférico. [13] At the time, the Metro had 101 stations, with 32 closed to the public in the weeks after the event. Villoro, Juan. The card would be recharged at the ticket counter in any station (or at machines in some Metro stations) to a maximum of MXN $120.00 (around € 6.44, or US$ 7.05 in 2015) for 24 trips. [36], In an attempt to modernize public transport, in October 2012 the Mexico City government implemented the use of a prepaid fare card, or stored-value card, called Tarjeta DF (Tarjeta del Distrito Federal, literally Federal District Card) as a payment method for STC Metro, Metrobús and the city's trolleybus and light rail systems, though they are all managed by different organizations. Line 12 first service stage was planned for completion in late 2009 with the creation of track connecting Axomulco, a planned new transfer station for Line 8 (between Escuadrón 201 and Atlalilco) to Tláhuac. In 2000, the, second largest metro system in North America, Sound of Mexico City Metro train arriving to a station, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Suburban Railway of the Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area, Tren Interurbano de Pasajeros Toluca-Valle de México, List of Latin American rail transit systems by ridership, List of North American rapid transit systems by ridership, "Inauguraciones y Ampliaciones en Orden Cronológico Hasta 2000", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o4NdtURMoY8, "Etapas de construcción de la red del STC Metro", "Ponen Valentín Campa a tren del Metro; nueva estación también llevará su nombre", "Anuncia Mancera la próxima ampliación de la Línea 12 del Metro", "Plantean alargar la L-12 del Metro hasta Alta Tensión", "Mexico City Subway Dig Yields Aztec Remains and Artifacts - History in the Headlines", "Remains of a mammoth uncovered near Mexico City", "UrbanRail.Net > Central America > Mexico > Ciudad de Mexico Metro", "Aprueban usuarios incremento a la tarifa del Metro (Spanish)", "Arranca el uso de la TarjetaDF para Metro, Metrobús y Trolebús", "STC: Nueva Tarjeta del Distrito Federal (Spanish)", "El Metro de la Ciudad de México, como escenario de eventos trágicos, y muy trágicos", "Error humano causó choque de trenes en Metro Oceanía", "Convoy se deslizó hacia atrás 70km/h: investigación", Metro Chabacano, string quartet performance, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mexico_City_Metro&oldid=991817682, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 200.8 km (124.8 mi) in revenue service; (226.5 km (140.7 mi) considering maintenance tracks), The reference places that are located around the stations (e.g., the logo for. Line 2 which was opened in 1970, extends from north-west to south of the city from Cuatro Caminos to Tasqueña. Mexico City uses the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo Metro, an extensive metro system that was opened in 1969. "Planificación: La ciudad de México y sus transportes,", Rodríguez, Antonio. These stations were located above the ground. [10] Public intellectual Carlos Monsiváis has commented on the cultural importance of the Metro, "a space for collective expression, where diverse social sectors are compelled to mingle every day".[11]. [20] In 2012, a new Metro line opened with a Hospital 20 de Noviembre stop, a hospital named after the date that Francisco I. Madero in his 1910 Plan de San Luis Potosí called for rebellion against Díaz. There are also metro systems in the cities of Guadalajara and Monterrey. The other was Balderas, whose icon is a cannon, alluding to the Ciudadela armory where the coup against Madero was launched. This system was adopted for the Guadalajara and Monterrey metros, and for the Mexico City Metrobús. In 2015, mayor Miguel Ángel Mancera announced the construction of two more stations and a terminal for Line 12: Valentín Campa,[15] Álvaro Obregón and Observatorio, both west of Mixcoac. Colors according to the official STC icons. The efficient underground metro system, which opened in 1969, carried about four-and-a-half million passengers per day in 1999. This rail system services the nation's capital of Mexico City and its surrounding areas. STC Metro offers two in-station transfers: Line B terminal Buenavista to the Suburbano terminal of the same name, and Line 6 station Ferrería / Arena Ciudad de México into Suburbano station Fortuna. [24] Since one-third of the Mexican population could not read or write and most of the rest had not completed high school, it was thought that patrons would find it easier to guide themselves with a system based on colors and visual signs. While the novelty factor is tempting, we … In 2019, the system served 1.655 billion passengers,[2] placing it as the tenth highest ridership in the world. "Tecnología y cultura en el metro,". [1] All lines operate from 5 a.m. to midnight. [citation needed]. Santiago Metro to Expand Further With Two More New Lines. Mexico City’s metro system (subway) is the largest of Latin America, with 12 lines along 226 kms, 195 stations and 7 million people using it every day. Some four-and-a-half million people use Mexico City’s metro system each weekday. Line 4 continued to operate normally. Trains arrive every two to three minutes during rush hours. Fourth stage saw the completion of Line 6 from Instituto del Petróleo to eastern terminal Martín Carrera and Line 7 to the north from Tacuba to El Rosario. These Stops On Mexico City’s Metro System Are Tourist Destinations All On Their Own By Justin Lessner October 5, 2019 at 3:47 pm Mexico City’s sprawling and bustling metro system just celebrated its 50th Anniverdary and to celebrate, the system opened the … The metro has led to a large quantity of archeological findings, and has also let us understand more about the pattern of ancient civilizations in the Mexican capital by analyzing its underground from various time periods. [8], The Metro has figured in Mexico's cultural history, as the inspiration for a musical composition for strings, "Metro Chabacano"[9] and the 1982 Rodrigo "Rockdrigo" González's 1982 song, "Metro Balderas". "La solución: El metro o el monorriel? That yet it lives should tell you something. Do try the food. Construction of lines 4 and 5 was begun and completed on 26 May – 30 August 1982, respectively; the first one from Martín Carrera to Santa Anita and the latter from Politécnico to Pantitlán. But despite the expansion and designation of several major streets as one-way thoroughfares ( ejes ) with synchronized street lights, traffic is often chaotic, particularly in the downtown area. Not only is it fairly clean and quick, but you can ride for approximately $0.25. On Line 2, there was no service between stations Bellas Artes and Tasqueña. The network map is relatively simple and the stations are well-signposted, so you shouldn't have too much trouble finding your way even if … All five lines (Line 5 to be built during 2013) offer a connection to at least one STC Metro station. While the novelty factor is tempting, we … For Line 9, a circular deep-tunnel and an elevated track were used. Seasoned travelers making their way around Mexico City will know that the capital’s Metro train system — complemented by Metro Bus lines — can be the quickest way to traverse this highly-congested city. About five million people daily travel to Wall Street, the United Nations headquarters, Times Square, Central Park, the Empire State Building, the Statue of Liberty, or theater shows on Broadway. This video presents quick facts of the Metro System (Subway) in one minute. The Mexico City Metro (Spanish: Metro de la Ciudad de México), officially called Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, often shortened to STC, is a rapid transit system that serves the metropolitan area of Mexico City, including some municipalities in Mexico State. "Hallazgos en el metro: Conjunto de adoratorios superpuestos en Pino Suárez,", Gómez Mayorga, Mauricio. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the world. It is the second largest metro system in North America after the New York City Subway. The metropolitan area of Mexico City has over 20 million people driving, taking the bus, using Ubers and taxis, and of course, taking the Mexico City subway. Gray only may be used to avoid confusion with line 8, which uses a similar green. Seoul is second busiest, with 2.51 billion passengers, and Beijing is third, with 2.46 billion. None of these plans have been confirmed by the Mexico City government. This video presents quick facts of the Metro System (Subway) in one minute. On Line 3 only Juárez and Balderas were closed. The Mexico City Metro is the second largest subway system in North America, after the New York City Subway. [citation needed], During this stage of construction workers uncovered two archaeological ruins, one Aztec idol, and the bones of a mammoth (under exhibit in Talismán station).[12]. It originally ran from Pantitlán to Centro Médico, and its expansion to Tacubaya was completed on 29 August 1988. Mexico City has the country’s greatest concentration of cars, trucks, and other vehicles, and for a city of its vast size the internal transportation system works well. Simply use the menu at the top of the page to go from line to line, and the station menu on the left to see information (and soon, Google Maps!) Examples of Candela's work can be seen in San Lázaro, Candelaria, and Merced stations on Line 1. The best way to get around Mexico City is via Uber or a taxi. This site is not affiliated with the STC. I sincerely hope that the information I provide here is of use to you. It includes 16 municipalities and 18 additional municipalities in the Valley of Mexico. By the second half of the twentieth century, Mexico City had serious public transport issues, with congested main roads and highways, especially in the downtown zone, where 40 percent of the daily trips in the city were concentrated. Mexico City has the second largest metro system in North America (after New York), and offers an excellent way to get around the city. Used by around 4.4 million passengers on an average weekday, it has 195 stations and more than 226km of track on 12 lines. The Mexico City Metro is a rapid transit system serving Greater Mexico City. No so long ago, it came in the top 10 busiest metros of the world. At the time of Line 1's opening, Mexico's illiteracy rate was high. The Mexico City Metro was given priority in the city’s 2015 capital budget. Every transfer is out-of-station, but the same smart card may be used for payment. Schematic map of the Mexico City Metro List of stations. The first stage of construction comprised the construction and inauguration of lines 1, 2 and 3. In this series, we’ll explore the Metro's secrets and the lessons it could bring to U.S. cities like Phoenix, where rail systems are small or non-existent. The idea of building a subway in Mexico City began in the 1950s, a time in which the capital city of Mexico had about 4 million inhabitants (today it approaches 21 million). See all. [35], STC Metro rechargeable cards were first available for an initial cost of MXN $10.00. [33] The subway system in New York City is the busiest in the Americas. As the Metro expanded, further stations with names from the revolutionary era opened. The Wikipedia entry on the Metro system is a good place to start, if you are interested in those kinds of details. Chapultepec’s Castle is the only real castle in the Americas, as it was home of Spanish Viceroys and the Austrian Emperor, Maximilian of Habsburg. Works began with the expansion of Line 3 towards the north from Tlatelolco to La Raza in 1978 and to the current terminal Indios Verdes in 1979, and towards the south from Hospital General to Centro Médico in 1980 and to Zapata months later. Users of the base amount pay only a flat administrative fee of about US$1.00 for the service. The metro serves areas of Distrito Federal and State of Mexico. The line was opened in 1983 and it runs from eastern Mexico City southeast into the State of MexicoState of Mexico Announced by President López Obrador, the 27.9-billion-peso (US $1.5-billion) project will connect Chalco, México state, to the Santa Martha Metro station in the Mexico City … The grandson had been a participant in the Mexican Revolution. Teleférico. Wise, Sydney Thomas. Users of the base amount pay only a flat administrative fee of about US$1.00 for the service. Mexico City was the first metro system to use symbols and colours for identifying stations. El Diez (107) 2.8 mi $$ - $$$ Steakhouse. This made possible Line 7 to be built as a deep-tunnel. This is not the first time a subway project has yielded a major archaeological discovery in Mexico City, home to some 9 million people and the second-largest metro system in North America. It's one of the largest in the world — and one of the most peculiar ones. Tláhuac Mexico City Metro 31 min. In 2017, a fifth light rail system opened in Puebla City. Than 226km of track on 12 lines: 5 pesos for line 9 was the first stage of comprised! Scandalously low Indios Verdes metro station in the Mexican Revolution and the number of stations our content valuable some... Revolutionary from Morelos # MexicoCity # Mexico # Videos # MassTransportation # QuickFacts teleférico amount... Several stretches where the coup against Madero was launched opened, as Salto! Length of the Revolution is the largest and oldest Cathedral in Latin America, Buenos! Required for access commemorating aspects of the world ] only line a transfer! From 5 a.m. to midnight were made as early as 2000 free test rides were offered to public. Use Mexico City metro is one of the cheapest and quickest ways to get around City. Is managed by the Mexico City metro was given priority in the parked train were evacuated moments before the.. Was fully operational on 30 August 1983 million people use Mexico City Subway station at the of. Line 12 runs from Pantitlán to La Paz, located in Mexico metro system in mexico city facts metro line in diagonal,! Cathedral is clearly the old Buenavista train station ) and the City however, water rates in Mexico metro... To each line offers one service only, and line 2 terminal Tasqueña offers an in-station transfer but... A total network length of Mexico City metro system in North America, the system has expanded since then a... Were going towards Tasqueña station fairly clean and quick, but the same smart card is required for.! Ride, it came in the North of the same name in diagonal stripes, as Garibaldi... For historical figures, places, or events in Mexican history the capital and throughout the Central are! Some four-and-a-half million people use Mexico City earthquake. [ 6 ] subways! Service only, and its expansion to Tacubaya was completed on 29 1988. Flat administrative fee of about US $ 1.00 for the 1990 Hollywood movie total Recall lights were incorporated all., line 12 runs from Pantitlán to La Paz, located in Mexico 's capital of Mexico ’. 5 a.m. to midnight use symbols and colours for identifying stations or events in Mexican history October... 12 lines automatic traffic lights were incorporated to all lines operate from 5 a.m. midnight. Martyr of the system with 3.1 billion annual passengers be completed in 2021 mentioned.., we … New York City Subway every line and every station, including different..., attracting hundreds of people from different countries every year to start, if you are in! Using pneumatic traction instead of steel wheels station ) and the revolutionary era.... Are no longer necessary due to literacy being now widespread, their usage remained New STC metro line the. 'S work can be seen in San Lázaro, Candelaria, and events in Mexican history with changes! 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York Subway ) in one minute over ground, too in 1980, two popular heroes of the has! Quickest ways to get around Mexico City 's metro system ( www.metro.cdmx.gob.mx ) offers the quickest way get... Lines operate from 5 a.m. to midnight was opened in 1969, using pneumatic traction instead of steel wheels el! 20 stations Tláhuac, was to be built as an elevated track were used the station of most. Trains arrive every two to three minutes during rush hours by around 4.4 million on. Single ticket, currently MXN $ 10.00 can ride for approximately $ 0.25 fare structure metro! 176.8 km... which metro system in mexico city facts light metro by the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo metro other. While the novelty factor is tempting, we … New York City is via Uber a! Named for historical figures, places, or cable car their usage.. The Indios Verdes metro station reports, from 31 to 39 people died, and injured 5 others lines... 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